The Human Journey
Out of Africa

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The Washington Post, Ancient tools and bone found in Florida could help rewrite the story of the first Americans
May 13, 2016. Thousands of years ago, some of the first Americans knelt beside a pond in what is now Florida. Clutching sharp stone knives, they hacked at the tusk of a slain mastodon, slicing meat away from the long bone. Then, with their work completed, they got up and walked away, leaving behind some tools and the stripped carcass. Researchers say these artifacts are unequivocal proof that people were in Florida more than 1,000 years earlier than anyone had imagined — a discovery that could help rewrite the history of humans on the continent.
New York Times, Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans
July 21, 2015. The consensus view on the peopling of the Americas is that ancestors of modern Native Americans entered the Americas from Siberia via the Bering Land Bridge and that this occurred at least ~14.6 thousand years ago (ka). However, the number and timing of migrations into the Americas remain controversial, with conflicting interpretations based on anatomical and genetic evidence.
New York Times, DNA Deciphers Roots of Modern Europeans
June 10, 2015. Two teams of scientists have presented the largest studies to date of ancient European DNA, extracted from 170 skeletons found in countries from Spain to Russia. Both studies indicate that today’s Europeans descend from three groups who moved into Europe at different stages of history.
The Bradshaw Foundation, Talking Stone - Rock Art of the Cosos (video)
Hidden away in the canyons of a top secret military base on the edge of the Mojave Desert is the largest concentration of rock art in North America. Created over thousands of years by a now vanished culture, it represents the oldest art in California. Talking Stone explores the remote canyons and mysteries surrounding these amazing images.
New York Times, 24,000-Year-Old Body Shows Kinship to Europeans and American Indians
November 20, 2013. The genome of a young boy buried at Mal’ta near Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia some 24,000 years ago has turned out to hold two surprises for anthropologists.
Science Daily, Dating Oldest Known Petroglyphs in North America
August 13, 2013. A new high-tech analysis led by a University of Colorado Boulder researcher shows the oldest known petroglyphs in North America, which are cut into several boulders in western Nevada, date to at least 10,500 years ago and perhaps even as far back as 14,800 years ago.