Homo heidelbergensis: Rhodesian men

Homo Heidelbergensis: Forebears of Homo Sapiens

Neanderthals, Denisovans and Homo sapiens each evolved from Homo heidelbergensis, the first hominid to bury its dead—and quite possibly the first to use language.

Approximately two million years elapsed between the time H. erectus left Africa and H. sapiens followed. During this span, some African H. erectus evolved into Homo heidelbergensis, named for the location in Germany where their remains were first discovered.

A reconstruction of Homo heidelbergensis

H. heidelbergensis were the first early humans to enter Europe’s cold latitudes where they built shelters and used spears to hunt large game animals. Those that entered Europe were the ancestors of Homo neanderthalensis, or Neanderthals as we know them; another group moved further eastward into Asia and became the ancestors of the Denisovans; and those that remained in Africa are thought to be our own forebears.

They lived from perhaps 700,000 years ago until about 200,000, and possessed a brain almost as large as modern Homo sapiens. They were about the same size as Neanderthals, about our height but more robust.

They buried their dead, presumably the first humans to do so. Some paleoanthropologists believe H. heidelbergensis showed evidence of the first beginnings of language.

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